What is COronaVIrus Disease 2019 (COVID19)?
- Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly contagious respiratory illness that is spread from person to person.
- COVID-19 is caused by a novel virus.
- A virus is a type of germ that is very, very small and when it gets inside your body it can make you sick. Viruses cause colds, chicken pox, measles, flu, herpes, HIV and other illnesses.
- Unlike bacteria, illnesses caused by viruses can’t be treated with antibiotics.
- Some people who are infected with COVID-19 don’t have any symptoms at all, while others get very, very sick, and some people with COVID-19 die.
- Anyone who is infected with the coronavirus can give it to other people, even if they don’t have any symptoms.
- The virus that causes COVID-19 is called a novel virus because it has never infected human beings before. This means that no human beings have immunity (protection) against the virus, so people who are exposed to other people who have the virus will also become infected with it.
- People who have had COVID-19 will develop antibodies to the virus once they have recovered. We don’t know how long these antibodies will protect you from getting re-infected yet.
- While COVID-19 was first identified in China, it is not a Chinese disease and Chinese people are not more likely to have it or to spread it than any other people.
- Coronavirus disease has infected people all over the world. People in 219 countries have been infected with COVID-19.
- Currently, there are more people who have been infected with coronavirus in the United States than in any other country in the world. People in every state in the US have been infected with coronavirus.
- We are now very fortunate to have a vaccine that can protect you from getting sick with COVID-19.
- All of the COVID-19 vaccines offered in the U.S. are very effective at preventing you from getting very sick.
- Even if you have been vaccinated, it is still important to wear a mask indoors in New Jersey.
- It is very important that we try to stop the spread of this disease. Therefore, everyone needs to continue:
- Wash your hands for 20 seconds
- Avoid touching your face
- Sneeze or cough into the inside of your elbow or into a tissue. (throw it away after using!)
- Wear Kn95 or Kn94 mask whenever you are in crowded spaces
- If you are unvaccinated, you should continue to wear a mask indoors and outdoors in crowded areas
- Common Symptoms
- Fever or Chills
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Muscle or Body Aches
- New loss of taste or smell
- Sore throat
- Congestion or a runny nose
- Nausea or vomiting
- Watch for emergency warning signs for COVID-19. If you or someone you know is experiencing these symptoms seek emergency medical care immediately:
- Trouble breathing
- New confusion
- Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
- Inability to wake or stay awake
- Pale, gray, or blue-colored skin, lips, or nail beds depending on skin tone
- Note: Symptoms may appear as early as two days after exposure to COVID-19 up to 14 days.
- Conjunctivitis this is a symptom of a new variant Arcturus
- Wear a high-quality mask or respirator (e.g., N95) any time you are around others inside your home or indoors in public 1
- Take extra precautions if you will be around people who are more likely to get very sick from COVID-19
- Watch for the following symptoms:
- Shortness of breath
Make sure to test. If you have symptoms and test negative, continue to test for 5 days.
Before Your Appointment
Taking over-the-counter medicine, like ibuprofen, aspirin, antihistamines, or acetaminophen, is NOT recommended before vaccination because it is unknown how these medications interact with the COVID-19 vaccine.
If you get any other vaccine first, including a flu or shingles vaccine, wait at least 14 days before getting your COVID-19 vaccine. In addition, you should wait at least 14 days before getting any other vaccine after you get your COVID-19 vaccine.
If you do get a COVID-19 vaccine within 14 days of another vaccine, you do not need to be revaccinated with either vaccine. You should still complete both vaccine series on schedule.
When You Arrive For Your Appointment
Different vaccination sites may have slightly different procedures, but you will likely be checked in first.
Documentation is NOT required to be vaccinated. Vaccine sites may request documentation, but you are not required to have it to receive the vaccine. Points of dispensing must not ask for your immigration status.
You can expect to be asked demographic, occupational, and medical screening questions. Your name, address, date of birth, race, ethnicity, and gender will be securely stored in the New Jersey Immunization Information System.
These are standard data elements that have been used across vaccines administered in New Jersey. Any data collected for the COVID-19 vaccination program may only be used for public health purposes – not for civil, criminal, nor immigration enforcement.
Note: If you are uninsured, you can still receive a vaccine. The vaccine is free – there is no cost to you. Learn more about insurance coverage for COVID-19 vaccines here.
Accommodations For Individuals With Disabilities
Both COVID-19 vaccine mega sites and community-based sites have been designed to meet the needs of all residents in the state. All of these sites are ADA-compliant, and special arrangements are made for those with mobility issues.
In addition, because of the volume of individuals and size of the mega sites, many accommodations have been made to make them easier to navigate for individuals with disabilities.
All six vaccine megasites have quiet rooms to make the process less overwhelming for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities who may be more sensitive to noise, light, and crowds. For those who are deaf or hard of hearing, there is a sign language interpreter that is immediately accessible via FaceTime and one rotates between the megasites.
All of the vaccination mega sites have made accommodations for a wide-range of disabilities.
Scheduling Your Second Dose
If you are receiving the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines, you will need to schedule a second appointment to receive your second dose to have maximum protection against the virus.
Your second dose appointment should be scheduled at the same location where you got your first dose.
If you made your first dose appointment through the NJ Vaccine Scheduling System, you will receive an automatically scheduled second dose appointment and an email confirmation with the details of the second dose appointment.
If you received your first dose by booking directly with a vaccine clinic and did not use the NJ Vaccine Scheduling System, vaccination sites have been instructed to schedule your second dose appointment during your first appointment.
For more information about booking your second dose, refer to this article.
Note: Johnson & Johnson’s Janssen vaccine only requires a single dose. You do not need to get a second dose of the Janssen vaccine.
When You Get Vaccinated
You will receive a vaccination card or printout that tells you what COVID-19 vaccine you received, the date you received it, and where you received it.
You will receive a paper or electronic version of a fact sheet that tells you more about the specific COVID-19 vaccine you are being offered. Each authorized COVID-19 vaccine has its own fact sheet that contains information to help you understand the risks and benefits of receiving that specific vaccine.
For more safety information about the vaccines and fact sheets, refer to this article.
After Getting Vaccinated
After receiving an injection of a COVID-19 vaccine, you will be observed for 15 minutes by healthcare staff to monitor any side effects. Observation may be longer (30 minutes) if you have a history of anaphylaxis.
Like many vaccines, a COVID-19 vaccine may cause some temporary discomfort. You may have some side effects, which are normal signs that your body is building protection.
In addition to a sore arm, side effects of the vaccines may include tiredness, headache, muscle pain, chills, joint pain, fever, injection site swelling, injection site redness, nausea, feeling unwell, and swollen lymph nodes.
There is a small chance that vaccines could cause a severe allergic reaction. A severe allergic reaction would usually occur within a few minutes to one hour, which is why all individuals should be observed for at least 15 minutes after vaccination and 30 minutes if they have a history of a severe allergic reaction due to any cause.
If you have pain or discomfort, talk to your doctor about taking over-the-counter medicine, such as ibuprofen, aspirin, antihistamines, or acetaminophen, for any pain and discomfort you may experience after getting vaccinated. You can take these medications to relieve post-vaccination side effects if you have no other medical reasons that prevent you from taking these medications normally.
In most cases, discomfort from fever or pain is normal and should go away in a few days. Contact your doctor or healthcare provider:
- If the redness or tenderness where you got the shot increases after 24 hours
- If your side effects are worrying you or do not seem to be going away after a few days
- Per CDC guidelines, people with COVID-19 should isolate for 5 days and if you are asymptomatic or symptoms are resolving (without fever for 24 hours), wear a k95 mask for 5 days when around others to minimize the risk of infecting others.
- If you have difficulty breathing, chest pain, or sudden dizziness go to the hospital or call 911
- Milder symptoms such as cough, headache, sore throat can be treated with over the counter cold and pain medications.
- PAXLOVID is an antiviral treatment. Antiviral treatments target specific parts of the virus to stop it from multiplying in the body, helping to prevent severe illness, hospitalization and death
- Paxlovid is for adults and children 12 and older who are at higher risk for developing serious COVID-19 disease that may lead to hospitalization and/or death.
- Paxlovid should be considered for any patients who meet the following criteria:
- Have a current diagnosis of mild-to-moderate COVID-19
- 50 years of age and over with underlying conditions. Underlying conditions include not but limited to:
- Kidney disease
- Within 5 days of symptom onset and have one or more risk factors for severe COVID. Risk factors include:
- Race and ethnicity
- An underlying condition such as those mentioned above
Some treatments might have side effects or interact with other medications you are taking. Ask a healthcare provider if medications to treat COVID-19 are right for you.
COVID-19 vaccines available in the United States are effective at protecting people from getting seriously ill, being hospitalized, and dying. As with other vaccine-preventable diseases, you are protected best from COVID-19 when you stay up to date with the recommended vaccinations.
- CDC recommends everyone stay up to date with COVID-19 vaccines for their age group:
- Children and teens aged 6 months–17 years
- Adults aged 18 years and older
Boosters (Original)Boosters are an important part of protecting yourself from getting seriously ill or dying from COVID-19. They were developed to protect against the original virus and offer some protection against the omicron variant. People ages 6 months and older should receive a booster if they are eligible, including those who are moderately or severely immunocompromised.
Bivalent (Updated) Booster
The updated boosters are called “updated” because they protect against both the original virus that causes COVID-19 and the Omicron variant. They became available on:
- September 2, 2022, for people aged 12 years and older
- October 12, 2022, for people aged 5–11 years
- December 9, 2022, for children aged 6 months–4 years who completed the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine primary series
- March 17, 2023, for children aged 6 months–4 years who completed their 3-dose primary series with the original Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine
Wear a K95 or K94 mask in crowded spaces
- Everyone 6 months of age and older is recommended to get an updated COVID-19 bivalent vaccine or booster dose if it has been at least two months since your primary series.
Emotional, Social and Spiritual Health Resources for Individuals and Families
“I believe in science”
Listen to a testimonial from Ms. Maureen Weil who recently got vaccinated for COVID-19
Essex County COVID-19 Community Toolkit
COVID-19 VACCINE LOCATIONS
COVID-19 TESTING LOCATIONS
The mission of our coalition has been expanded because of the enormous challenge we all face as we seek to successfully address the COVID-19 pandemic. Our additional new mission is to do our part in helping the Greater Newark community remain healthy during this crisis.
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If you or anyone you know needs to speak with someone, please call their helpline (Monday – Friday, 8:30 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.) at 609-303-4129
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NJ Hotlines for General Questions about COVID-19:
Call: 2-1-1, Call (24/7): 1-800-962-1253, Text: NJCOVID to 898-211
Linhas diretas de NJ para perguntas gerais sobre COVID-19:
Chamar: 2-1-1, Chamar (24/7): 1-800-962-1253, Text: NJCOVID to 898-211
Líneas directas de NJ para preguntas generales sobre COVID-19:
Llame: 2-1-1, Llame (24/7): 1-800-962-1253, Envíe un mensaje de texto: NJCOVID al 898-211
COVID-19 Testing & Vaccinations Map
Testing sites information available in Newark. There may be closer sites available to you. Please use the zoom control on the COVID-19 Testing & Vaccinations Map to view testing and vaccination sites closest to you.
*Appointments are required at all testing and vaccination sites
*No patient will be denied a vaccination based upon insurance status
*No one will be required to pay for a COVID-19 vaccine
* Se requieren citas en todos los sitios de prueba y vacunación
* A ningún paciente se le negará una vacuna según el estado del seguro.
* Nadie tendrá que pagar por una vacuna COVID-19
* As marcações são necessárias em todos os locais de teste e vacinação
* Nenhum paciente terá a vacinação negada com base no status do seguro
* Ninguém será obrigado a pagar por uma vacina COVID-19
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COVID-19 Vaccination Sites
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